Testarossa - 512 TR - F512 M
The successor of the Ferrari 512 BBi
Ferrari already started in 1978 to develop the successor of the BB series. At that time, the 365 GT/4 BB and 512 BB both were succesful and beloved models and the final version, the 512 BBi, would certainly be another hit too. However, there were two big issues with these models: besides the infamous heating problem, the 512 BB(i) did not comply to all the safety and emission regulations in the USA, which made it impossible to legaly sell the car in this important market.
Although the first plan was to merely restyle the car, the two issues mentioned above soon resulted in the decision to develop a completely new car, which would be known as the famous Ferrari Testarossa.
The name "Testarossa" (= "Red Head") was selected to recall the series of successful sports cars of the 1950s: the 4-cylinder 500 Testa Rossa and 500 TRC and the well known 12-cylinder 250 Testa Rossa. The new Testarossa would be fitted with a 5-litre flat-12 engine (just like the old Testa Rossas with red painted camshaft covers), which would deliver around 390 HP, enough for a top speed of 290 km/h.